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The role of autoantibodies in the syndromes of orthostatic intolerance: a systematic review

Spotted this and thought it might be of interest to some here.
Orthostatic intolerance is defined as the provocation of symptoms upon standing, commonly caused by neurogenic orthostatic hypotension (OH) and postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS), the etiology for which has not been fully uncovered yet. Many reports have described the occurrence of dysautonomia, orthostatic intolerance and POTS following febrile illness, presumably viral and post-vaccine. Furthermore, patients with dysautonomia have higher rates of autoimmune disorders such as Hashimoto thyroiditis and SLE.

Recent evidence has shown the presence of adrenergic and cholinergic receptor antibodies in patients with POTS and orthostatic hypotension. In patients with cholinergic receptor antibodies, higher titers correlate with the disease severity. Few reports have shown that immunomodulation therapy resulted in significant improvement in symptoms. In this article, we review the available literature correlating autoimmunity with orthostatic intolerance syndromes. Future studies are warranted to evaluate the prevalence of such antibodies and examine different treatment modalities in this sub group of patients.
Behind paywall at http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/14017431.2017.1355068?journalCode=icdv20