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Science: Submissions Drop at World's Largest Open-Access Journal PLOS-One

Firestormm

Senior Member
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5,055
Location
Cornwall England
Submissions Drop at World's Largest Open-Access Journal

June 4, 2014

The number of papers published by the world’s largest open-access journal, PLOS ONE, has plummeted over the past few months after rising fairly steadily for years, notes a scholarly publishing blogger.

Phil Davis suggests the closely watched PLOS ONE may have become a less attractive option for scientists as its impact factor has fallen and other open-access publishers have come on the scene.


Founded 14 years ago, the Public Library of Science (PLOS) has been a leader in open access—online journals that are free for anyone to read and cover costs by charging authors a fee. But PLOS has also drawn criticism, because the nonprofit broke even only after starting the multidisciplinary PLOS ONE, which accepts all papers that pass technical scrutiny regardless of their importance. The model has drawn the complaint that PLOS ONE bulk publishes low-quality papers to make its more selective journals sustainable. That high volume made PLOS ONE the largest scientific journal in the world in 2010, with more than 8600 research papers. Last year, the site featured 31,509 papers.

But this year, the trend has been downward, notes Davis, a publishing consultant. PLOS ONE’s output peaked in December 2013 at 3039 papers and by May had fallen 25% to 2276 papers (see graph). Davis suggests that a drop in PLOS ONE’s impact factor last June could be one explanation: Researchers tend to prefer journals with higher impact factors, a measure of how widely a journal is cited that is often used—mistakenly, many argue—to assess a scientist’s performance.

Other factors may include the debut of other open-access journals, last October’s 16-day U.S. government shutdown, and a decline in U.S. federal research funding, Davis writes. Whatever the reasons, he writes, PLOS’s bottom line is taking a hit: “[T]hat 25% drop in 2014 publication represents about $1 million less revenue in the first quarter alone. If this trend continues, supporting other PLOS activities may become more difficult.”

In response to questions from ScienceInsider, PLOS cautions against reading too much into the 25% drop (see full statement below). As a nonprofit, it says, PLOS “is not primarily driven by short-term financial considerations, but rather by a mission to transform research communication.”

Read more: http://news.sciencemag.org/people-events/2014/06/submissions-drop-worlds-largest-open-access-journal
 

Bob

Senior Member
Messages
16,455
Location
England (south coast)
I think the author hasn't got adequate evidence to make that assertion regarding the reason for a drop in publishing output.

If I remember correctly, PLOS ONE is planning on insisting that researchers openly publish their data, which may have put some/many researchers off publishing with them.

And I think they've been one of the best journals at spotting fake papers when people have submitted a fake paper to a load of journals to see which have poor quality standards.

So PLOS ONE's plans for open access to data, and their higher quality peer review and editing, may also have an impact on the number of publications.

I didn't know it is a non-profit. That's interesting.

PLOS ONE made this statement in the article:
PLOS STATEMENT:

“PLOS as a nonprofit is not primarily driven by short-term financial considerations, but rather by a mission to transform research communication. PLOS is committed to ongoing collaboration with the scientific community to continually work toward this goal. As governments, funders and institutions, to their credit and to the benefit of society, increasingly require that research be made Open Access, and as the amount of research fluctuates worldwide, the peak volume in published works of research for any publisher is likely a moving target. Competition stimulates innovation, which ultimately will mean a better publishing experience for authors. PLOS is proud to be at the leading edge of this progress.”
 
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