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microglia activation by intracranial iron overload

Discussion in 'Other Health News and Research' started by pattismith, Dec 19, 2017.

  1. pattismith

    pattismith Senior Member

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    In vivo evaluation of microglia activation by intracranial iron overload in central pain after spinal cord injury

    Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research2017


    Abstract
    Background
    Central pain (CP) is a common clinical problem in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). Recent studies found the pathogenesis of CP was related to the remodeling of the brain. We investigate the roles of iron overload and subsequent microglia activate in the remodeling of the brain after SCI.

    Methods
    An SCI-induced CP model was established in Sprague-Dawley rats that were randomly assigned to SCI, sham operation, deferoxamine (DFX), minocycline, and nitric oxide synthase inhibitor treatment groups. At 12 weeks, pain behavior and thermal pain threshold were evaluated in each group, and iron transferrin receptor (TfR)1 and ferritin (Fn) mRNA, as well as iron-regulatory protein (IRP)1, FN, lactoferrin, and nuclear factor (NF)-κB protein levels in the rat brains were measured. Microglia proliferation and differentiation and IRP1 expression were evaluated by immunohistochemistry.

    Results
    Autophagy was observed in rats after SCI, accompanied by reduced latency of thermal pain, increased iron content and IRP1 and NF-κB levels in the hindlimb sensory area, hippocampus, and thalamus, and decreased Fn levels in the hindlimb sensory area. TfR1 mRNA expression was upregulated in activated microglia. Treatment with an iron-chelating agent, or inhibitors of nitric oxide synthase or microglia suppressed microglia proliferation.

    Conclusions
    SCI may induce intracranial iron overload, which activates microglia via NF-κB signaling. Microglia secrete inflammatory factors that induce neuronal damage and lead to CP. Treatment with an iron-chelating agent or NF-κB or microglia inhibitors can relieve CP resulting from SCI.

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