Orexin neuron of lateral hypothalamus contribute to respiratory chemoreflex 2021

pattismith

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TASK1 and TASK3 in orexin neuron of lateral hypothalamus contribute to respiratory chemoreflex by projecting to nucleus tractus solitarius
Xia Wang


First published: 04 April 2021

https://doi.org/10.1096/fj.202002189R


Abstract

TWIK‐related acid‐sensitive potassium channels (TASKs)‐like current was recorded in orexin neurons in the lateral hypothalamus (LH), which are essential in respiratory chemoreflex.

However, the specific mechanism responsible for the pH‐sensitivity remains elusive. Thus, we hypothesized that TASKs contribute to respiratory chemoreflex.

In the present study, we found that TASK1 and TASK3 were expressed in orexin neurons.

Blocking TASKs or microinjecting acid artificial cerebrospinal fluid (ACSF) in the LH stimulated breathing.

In contrast, alkaline ACSF inhibited breathing, which was attenuated by blocking TASK1.

Damage of orexin neurons attenuated the stimulatory effect on respiration caused by microinjection of acid ACSF (at a pH of 6.5) or TASKs antagonists.

The orexinA‐positive fiber and orexin type 1 receptor (OX1R) neurons were located in the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS).

The exciting effect of acidosis in the LH on respiration was inhibited by blocking OX1R of the NTS.

Taken together, we conclude that orexin neurons sense the extracellular pH change through TASKs and regulate respiration by projecting to the NTS.
 

pattismith

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This is an older study on the same line

High bicarbonate levels in narcoleptic children - Franco - 2016 - Journal of Sleep Research - Wiley Online Library
Bicarbonate levels were correlated with the Adapted Epworth Sleepiness Scale (P = 0.01).

Narcoleptic patients without obesity often had bicarbonate levels higher than 27 mmol L 1 (55 versus 25%, P = 0.025).

No differences were found between children with and without cataplexy.

In conclusion, narcoleptic patients had higher bicarbonate plasma levels compared to control children.

This result could be a marker of hypoventilation in this pathology, provoking an increase in PCO2 and therefore a respiratory acidosis, compensated by an increase in plasma bicarbonates.

This simple screening tool could be useful for prioritizing children for sleep laboratory evaluation in practice.