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Activity Pacing is Associated with Better and Worse Symptoms for Patients with Long-term Conditions

mango

Senior Member
Messages
905
Activity Pacing is Associated with Better and Worse Symptoms for Patients with Long-term Conditions

Antcliff D, Campbell M, Woby S, Keeley P.

Clin J Pain. 2016 Jun 17.

Abstract
BACKGROUND:
Activity pacing has been associated with both improved and worsened symptoms, and its role in reducing disability among patients with long-term conditions has been questioned. However, existing studies have measured pacing according to uni-dimensional subscales, and therefore the empirical evidence for pacing as a multifaceted construct remains unclear. We have developed a 26-item Activity Pacing Questionnaire (APQ-26) for chronic pain/fatigue containing five themes of pacing: activity adjustment, activity consistency, activity progression, activity planning and activity acceptance.

OBJECTIVE:
To assess the associations between the five APQ-26 pacing themes and symptoms of pain, physical fatigue, depression, avoidance and physical function.

METHODS:
Cross-sectional questionnaire design study. Data analysed using multiple regression.

PARTICIPANTS:
257 adult patients with diagnoses of chronic low back pain, chronic widespread pain, fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis.

RESULTS:
Hierarchical multiple regression showed that activity adjustment was significantly associated with increased physical fatigue, depression and avoidance, but decreased physical function (all P≤0.030). Activity consistency was associated with decreased pain, physical fatigue, depression and avoidance but increased physical function (all P≤0.003). Activity planning was associated with reduced physical fatigue (P=0.025) and activity acceptance was associated with increased avoidance (P=0.036).

CONCLUSION:
Some APQ-26 pacing themes were associated with worse symptoms and others with symptom improvement. Specifically, pacing themes involving adjusting/reducing activities were associated with worse symptoms, whereas pacing themes involving undertaking consistent activities were associated with improved symptoms. Future study will explore the causality of these associations to add clarification regarding the effects of pacing on patients' symptoms.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27322396
 

A.B.

Senior Member
Messages
3,780
Correlation is not causation. The authors seem to have discovered that illness severity correlates with reduction of activity levels.

Did we really need yet another questionnaire? No. It's good for mass producing low quality studies but we don't need more of those, we need high quality studies. They should have done some objective activity or fitness level testing.

Lumping patients together doesn't make a lot of sense. I don't see any mention of results broken down by illness. Then again at this point who cares, it's already flawed.
 

taniaaust1

Senior Member
Messages
13,054
Location
Sth Australia
Correlation is not causation. The authors seem to have discovered that illness severity correlates with reduction of activity levels..

agree. I also dont understand why they lumped this range of completely different illness together to get this kind of study results like this unless they were going to compare different illnesses. They may as well throw some people in the midst of having heart attacks into this study too to see if exercising during it improves them. What a waste of money.