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Validity of questionnaire-based assessment of sedentary behaviour and physical activity in a populat

Discussion in 'Other Health News and Research' started by Esther12, Feb 7, 2016.

  1. Esther12

    Esther12 Senior Member

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    Validity of questionnaire-based assessment of sedentary behaviour and physical activity in a population-based cohort of older men; comparisons with objectively measured physical activity data
    International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity201613:14
    DOI: 10.1186/s12966-016-0338-1

    © Jefferis et al. 2016

    Received: 15 August 2015

    Accepted: 26 January 2016

    Published: 4 February 2016

    Abstract
    Background
    Older adults are the most inactive age group and self-reporting of activities may be complicated by age-related reductions in structured activities and misclassification or recall biases. We investigate the validity of simple questionnaires about sedentary behaviour (SB), (including the widely used proxy television (TV) viewing), and physical activity (PA) in comparison with objective measures.

    Methods
    Community dwelling men aged 71–93 years, from a UK population-based cohort wore a GT3X accelerometer over the right hip for 7 days and self-completed a questionnaire including information about SB (TV, reading, computer use and car use) and PA (leisure and sporting domains).

    Results
    1566/3137 surviving men (mean age 79 years) attended. 1377 ambulatory men provided questionnaire and accelerometer data. Questionnaires under-estimated mean daily sedentary time; 317 minutes total SB (TV, computer use, reading or driving), 176 minutes (TV) vs 619 minutes (objectively measured). Correlations between objective measures and self-reports were 0.18 (total SB) and 0.17 (TV), both P < 0.001. Objective SB levels were similar across the lowest three quartiles of self-reported SB but raised in the highest quartile. Correlations between steps/day or moderate to vigorous PA with self-reported total PA were both 0.49, P < 0.001 and measured PA levels were progressively higher at higher levels of self-reported PA.

    Conclusions
    Among older men, simple SB questions performed poorly for identifying total SB time, although simple PA questions were associated with a graded increase with objectively measured PA. Future studies of health effects of SB in older men would benefit from objective measures of SB.

    Full paper: http://ijbnpa.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12966-016-0338-1
     
    JohnCB, TiredSam, Valentijn and 5 others like this.

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