@Ripley , PS is refined. So what is the difference between eating that and eating a gluten-free bread or pasta which is made from refined starches? Yes, it's cooked or baked, but so is the white rice and potato we eat, which is mostly starch and water. I don't understand. I also eat small amounts of sugar in dark chocolate and pickled vegetables. Is that really any worse than the fructose I get from eating a banana, for example? It seems odd to me.