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Partial molecular cloning of the JHK retrovirus

Discussion in 'Latest ME/CFS Research' started by Ecoclimber, Apr 30, 2013.

  1. Ecoclimber

    Ecoclimber Senior Member

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    Mercer Island Wa
    Partial molecular cloning of the JHK retrovirus using gammaretrovirus consensus PCR primers
    Brian D Halligan , Hai-Yuan Sun , Vladimir M Kushnaryov , Sidney E Grossberg
    Future Virology, May 2013, Vol. 8, No. 5, Pages 507-520.

    Rapid Communication
    Partial molecular cloning of the JHK retrovirus using gammaretrovirus consensus PCR primers
    Brian D Halligan1, Hai-Yuan Sun2, Vladimir M Kushnaryov2 & Sidney E Grossberg*2
    * Author for correspondence


    The JHK virus (JHKV) was previously described as a type C retrovirus that has some distinctive ultrastructural features and replicates constitutively in a human B-lymphoblastoid cell line, JHK-3. In order to facilitate the cloning of sequences from JHKV, a series of partially degenerate consensus retroviral PCR primers were created by a data-driven design approach based on an alignment of 14 diverse gammaretroviral genomes.

    These primers were used in the PCR amplification of purified JHK virion cDNA, and analysis of the resulting amplified sequence indicates that the JHKV is in the murine leukemia virus (MLV) family. The JHK sequence is nearly identical to the corresponding region of the Bxv-1 endogenous mouse retrovirus (GenBank accession AC115959) and distinct from XMRV.

    JHKV gag-specific amplification was demonstrated with nucleic acids from uncultivated, frozen, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of the index patient, but not in PBMCs from nine healthy blood donors.

    Unlike earlier reports, in which MLV-like sequences were identified in human source material, which may have been due to murine contamination, budding retrovirions were demonstrated repeatedly by electron microscopy in uncultivated lymphocytes of the index patient that were morphologically identical in their development to the virions in the JHK-3 cells, and immunological evidence was obtained that the index patient produced IgG antibodies that bound to the budding viral particles in patient PBMCs and in the JHK-3 cells.

    These data indicate that the patient had been infected by JHKV, lending significance to the demonstration of JHKV amplicons in nucleic acids of the patient’s PBMCs. In future studies, the PCR primer sets described herein may expand the detection of an amplifiable subset of viruses related to MLV.

    If you want to know more about the JHK virus and how it affects ME/CFS, then just run a search on JHK. At least, Grossberg is still plugging away on the JHK virus.

    Eco
     
    Bob, RustyJ, heapsreal and 1 other person like this.
  2. RustyJ

    RustyJ Contaminated Cell Line 'RustyJ'

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    Noosaville, Aust
    I'm biting my tongue

     
  3. Bob

    Bob

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    Does anyone happen to know anything about the 'index patient', mentioned in the abstract? (e.g. how the patient was selected.) I've only got access to the abstract.
     

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