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Maltese et al: Genetic evaluation of AMPD1, CPT2, and PGYM metabolic enzymes in patients with CFS

Discussion in 'Latest ME/CFS Research' started by mango, Aug 16, 2016.

  1. mango

    mango Senior Member

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    Genetic evaluation of AMPD1, CPT2, and PGYM metabolic enzymes in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome

    Maltese PE1, Venturini L2, Poplavskaya E3, Bertelli M4, Cecchin S4, Granato M4, Nikulina SY3, Salmina A3, Aksyutina N3, Capelli E5, Ricevuti G2, Lorusso L6.
    1. MAGI Non-Profit Human Medical Genetics Institute, Rovereto, TN, Italy paolo.maltese@assomagi.org.
    2. Cellular Pathophysiology and Clinical Immunology Laboratory, Department of Internal Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy.
    3. Department of Internal Diseases N.1, Krasnoyarsk State Medical University, Krasnoyarsk, Russia.
    4. MAGI Non-Profit Human Medical Genetics Institute, Rovereto, TN, Italy.
    5. Immunology and Genetic Analysis Laboratory, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy.
    6. Department of Neurology, Mellino Mellini Hospital, Chiari, BS, Italy.
    Genet Mol Res. 2016 Jul 29;15(3). doi: 10.4238/gmr.15038717.

    Abstract

    Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a disease that can seriously impair one's quality of life; patients complain of excessive fatigue and myalgia following physical exertion.

    This disease may be associated with abnormalities in genes affecting exercise tolerance and physical performance.

    Adenosine monophosphate deaminase (AMPD1), carnitine palmitoyltransferase II (CPT2), and the muscle isoform of glycogen phosphorylase (PYGM) genes provide instructions for producing enzymes that play major roles in energy production during work.

    The aim of this study was to look for evidence of genotype-associated excessive muscle fatigue.

    Three metabolic genes (AMPD1, CPT2, and PYGM) were therefore fully sequenced in 17 Italian patients with CFS. We examined polymorphisms known to alter the function of these metabolic genes, and compared their genotypic distributions in CFS patients and 50 healthy controls using chi-square tests and odds ratios. One-way analysis of variance with F-ratio was carried out to determine the associations between genotypes and disease severity using CF scores.

    No major genetic variations between patients and controls were found in the three genes studied, and we did not find any association between these genes and CFS.

    In conclusion, variations in AMPD1, CPT2, and PGYM genes are not associated with the onset, susceptibility, or severity of CFS.

    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27525900
     
  2. JaimeS

    JaimeS Senior Member

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    Sad they didn't find anything intriguing, but at least they weren't afraid of reporting null results!
     
    Theodore, Sidereal, Valentijn and 4 others like this.
  3. Richard7

    Richard7 Senior Member

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    Australia
  4. Richard7

    Richard7 Senior Member

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    "The 1994 International Consensus Criteria were used for diagnosis of CFS (Fukuda
    et al., 1994)."
     
    Valentijn likes this.
  5. Valentijn

    Valentijn Senior Member

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    Pretty impressive that they chose specific targets on a rational basis (ie, paying attention to our unique symptom), and did full exon sequencing. But it's odd that they used Fukuda and didn't require (or even ask about) PEM.

    They did find some enzyme-altering mutations in the CFS patients, but they also found them in the controls. They were a bit more prevalent in the CFS patients, but not enough to be statistically significant. If they were able to reproduce the study with a larger sample, it's possible those differences would be significant. But in any event, the odds ratios are fairly low - so at most the mutations would be associated with a small increase in the risk of developing CFS, and certainly would not be causative of CFS.

    This bit is potentially interesting:
    Anyhow, it looks like a pretty good study. Hopefully they stay interested in the disease, and do some more research. But with better criteria or mandatory PEM! :D
     
    Last edited: Aug 17, 2016
    Theodore and mango like this.
  6. JaimeS

    JaimeS Senior Member

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    Other studies have observed that patients whose symptoms start with EBV are more likely to recover, or more likely to regain some function. It's interesting to have that confirmed again... if I'm following you, @Valentijn
     

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