1. Patients launch a $1.27 million crowdfunding campaign for ME/CFS gut microbiome study.
    Check out the website, Facebook and Twitter. Join in donate and spread the word!
9th Invest in ME International ME Conference, 2014 - Part 1: Autoimmunity and ME
Mark Berry begins a series of articles on the 9th Invest in ME International ME Conference in London, with a look at three presentations on autoimmunity
Discuss the article on the Forums.

Intrinsic DNA synthesis fidelity of XMRV reverse transcriptase

Discussion in 'XMRV Research and Replication Studies' started by Jemal, Feb 17, 2012.

  1. Jemal

    Jemal Senior Member

    Messages:
    1,031
    Likes:
    60
    Anyone know what this means?

    http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1742-4658.2012.08532.x/abstract
  2. Bob

    Bob

    Messages:
    7,771
    Likes:
    9,328
    England, UK
    Good question Jemal!

    On first reading, it seems to contradict itself.

    I can't work out if XMRV RT has 13 times the mutation rate of HIV, or 13 times less!

    I'll try reading again when i'm less tired!
  3. madietodd

    madietodd Senior Member

    Messages:
    2,405
    Likes:
    1,580
    East Coast, USA
    I read the thread title and wondered what all those words meant.

    I laughed out loud when Jemal said "Anybody know what this means?"

    Yeah, I get it that you meant what did the PAPER mean. But I had that savory moment of feeling less alone in my cluelessness.

    Thanks.
  4. VillageLife

    VillageLife Senior Member

    Messages:
    674
    Likes:
    36
    United Kingdom
    I sure miss doctor mikovits, it's times like this she explained everything to us.
  5. Bob

    Bob

    Messages:
    7,771
    Likes:
    9,328
    England, UK
    OK, I've looked at it again, and I'm not sure if I understand any of it or not...

    Well, I thought I understood some of it, but from my uneducated perspective, it seems to contradict itself...

    One bit seems to say that the replication accuracy of XMRV and MoMLV is 13 times more than HIV, and another bit seems to say that the replication accuracy of MoMLV & XMRV is 13.9 to 110 times less than HIV RT.


    So, this is how I understand it...

    They used two methods to compare the accuracy of the 'reverse transcriptase' enzyme (RT) (for DNA synthesis) of XMRV, MoMLV and a strain of HIV.

    The inbuilt inaccuracy of reverse transcriptase (RT), in viruses, is one of the reasons why many viruses have a very high mutation rates.

    So, this study is looking at the mutation rates of XMRV, MoMLV and HIV.


    One method of measurement seems to give an accuracy for XMRV and MoMLV RT that is 13 times "more faithful" than HIV RT, and then another method seems to give an accuracy for MoMLV and XMRV RTs that were 13.9 and 110 times "less efficient" than HIV in incorporating correct nucleotides.

    So, unless I've misunderstood it, which it highly likely, it seems to have conflicting/opposing results, depending on the method of measurement used.

    Two different methods are used for the different results, but I don't understand why there would be such a high discrepancy between the two set of results...

    Maybe the last couple of sentences might give the answer?:

    "The mutational spectra of XMRV and MoMLV RTs were similar in having a relatively higher proportion of frameshifts and transversions, compared with the HIV-1BH10 RT. However, the XMRV polymerase was less prone to introduce large deletions and one-nucleotide insertions."

    This quote seems to suggest that there are different types (patterns) of mutation, as follows...

    XMRV shows less variation to the other two viruses in one type of mutation pattern (it is less prone to introduce large deletions and one-nucleotide insertions).
    Whereas XMRV and MoMLV show more variation than HIV in the other type of mutation pattern (they have a relatively higher proportion of frameshifts and transversions).

    I don't know how to interpret all of this...

    It has been suggested in the past that XMRV might have a low mutation rate like HTLV... Does this study back that up?


    Disclaimer: Well, that's my best shot, but it's quite possible that I've got all of this totally wrong!!! :confused:


    And now I've given myself a headache!! :headache:
    Jemal likes this.
  6. Jemal

    Jemal Senior Member

    Messages:
    1,031
    Likes:
    60
    Thanks for trying to interpret Bob! :D
    I still think the title of this report is made out of random words thrown together.
  7. Bob

    Bob

    Messages:
    7,771
    Likes:
    9,328
    England, UK
    lol, I think you're right Jemal...

    So I've juggled the words around, and it seems to make just as much sense!!!

    Reverse fidelity of Intrinsic XMRV DNA transcriptase synthesis

See more popular forum discussions.

Share This Page