http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC254060/?report=abstract Abstract Both a feral mouse ecotropic virus (WM-E) and Friend ecotropic virus (F-MuLV) were transmitted horizontally among adult mice. Infection resulted in the production of antiviral antibody in the recipients, with no evidence of viremia or clinical disease. However, persistent low-level virus replication was detectable in the spleens of these mice as long as 8 months after initial infection. External secretions, including saliva, semen, and uterine secretions from viremic mice contained high concentrations of infectious virus. Nevertheless, transmission occurred only from viremic males to either males or females. Male-to-male transmission appeared to occur by parenteral inoculation of infectious saliva during fighting behavior. Evidence is presented that infection of females was by the venereal route. Of four mouse strains examined, NFS/N, IRW, and C57L females were all susceptible to venereal infection, whereas AKR mice were not. Since AKR mice are susceptible to infection by WM-E administered parenterally, this resistance appeared to be mediated by local viral interference due to the high-level expression of endogenous Akv gp70 within the female reproductive tract. Although both WM-E and F-MuLV were transmitted from viremic males to females, infection by WM-E was significantly more efficient than that by F-MuLV. This difference correlated with a distinct difference in cellular tropism of WM-E and F-MuLV within the epididymis of viremic males. F-MuLV gp70 was expressed only within stromal elements, whereas WM-E gp70 was seen largely within the epithelial lining cells and luminal contents of the duct. No evidence of virus expression within germ cells was observed. The possible influence of virus expression by epithelial cells of the female reproductive tract on infection of embryos is discussed.