Alex agreed! general response to all: PREVENTION is VASTLY better than cure in that arena above all others. Removal of harmful substances, like lead, from the environment of growing children does much better than all the damn asylums have ever done. Only those of extreme risk to others, and limited degree of those who're "troubled" need committed. People in general simply do not realize the incredible abuse that went on, and if they do, do not see the diabolically twisted form it's going now: you don't need branding irons and gas chambers to be bloody evil, it's sometimes worse when it's subtle and seems like a good idea. "The road to hell is paved with good intentions" And since we don't understand what the hell is truly the matter with the majority of mental illnesses, talk of "treatment" is ludicrous. best that can be done for many is actually a stable, stress free life and/or trial and error drug treatments. As noted before, personally I've suffered severe anxiety issues due to crap as a kid, plus who knows what living in such a polluted area has done. This damn illness has robbed me of most of the ways of dealing with the anxiety: fishing, walks in the woods, exercise etc. IMHO, the real reason alcoholism is such a problem here in Scotland is anxiety and similar from 200 odd years of near slavery in slum conditions much of the populace went through, epigenetics of that, low sunlight due to climate, a twisted Empire that repressed the normal warm ways of the people resulting in a populace very messed up turning to alcohol to self medicate.