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Current Journal of Psychosomatic Research + co-editor's work with DSM-5 groups

Discussion in 'Latest ME/CFS Research' started by shrewsbury, Mar 22, 2010.

  1. shrewsbury

    shrewsbury member

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    MEagenda posted this to co-cure 4 days ago

    [if: MEagenda is amazing. In looking over the papers posted here, a number are literature reviews. I'm reminded of Ann Rand - medicine by committee........... Interesting the timing and topics of the articles and the proposed DSM-5 changes. (my bolds and colours)]

    From Suzy Chapman

    19 March 2010

    There is a new MUS Rief paper published in the current (March '10) edition
    of the Journal of Psychosomatic Research.

    Also In Press papers by White (CFS: One discrete syndrome or many? FSSs);
    Knoop, Prins, Moss-Morris, Bleijenberg (Central role of cognitive processes
    in the perpetuation of chronic fatigue syndrome); Voigt, Lwe (Systematic
    review of somatoform disorder diagnoses and suggestions for future
    classification, DSM-5 and proposed new category CSSD, CISSD Project:
    Kroenke, Sharpe, Sykes: example criteria); Escobar (3 or more concurrent
    somatic symptoms predict psychopathology and service use); Henningsen,
    Creed (Screening for multiple somatic complaints); Chalder (Measuring
    fatigue).

    Journal of Psychosomatic Research's Co-editor, Francis Creed, is a member of the APA's DSM-5 Somatic Symptom Disorder Work Group and had been a member of the CISSD Project.


    Journal of Psychosomatic Research
    Volume 68, Issue 3, Pages 219-316 (March 2010)

    http://www.jpsychores.com/home
    http://www.jpsychores.com/current


    Current (March 10 issue)

    Patients with medically unexplained symptoms and their significant others:
    Illness attributions and behaviors as predictors of patient functioning
    over time, 10 December 2009
    Anja Hilbert, Alexandra Martin, Thomas Zech, Elisabeth Rauh, Winfried Rief
    pages 253-262
    Abstract | Full Text | Full-Text PDF (161 KB)

    http://www.jpsychores.com/article/S0022-3999(09)00375-4/abstract

    ----------------------

    Articles In Press
    http://www.jpsychores.com/inpress

    Chronic fatigue syndrome: Is it one discrete syndrome or many? Implications
    for the "one vs. many" functional somatic syndromes debate
    In Press Corrected Proof, Available online 18 March 2010
    Peter D. White
    Journal of Psychosomatic Research
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2010.01.008
    Abstract | Full Text | Full-Text PDF (110 KB)

    http://www.jpsychores.com/article/S0022-3999(10)00013-9/abstract

    Chronic fatigue syndrome: Is it one discrete syndrome or many? Implications
    for the "one vs. many" functional somatic syndromes debate
    Peter D. White

    Received 10 November 2009; received in revised form 12 January 2010;
    accepted 14 January 2010. published online 18 March 2010.
    Corrected Proof

    Abstract
    There is a current debate as to whether "functional somatic syndromes"
    (FSSs) are more similar to or different from each other. While at the same
    time, there is evidence of heterogeneity within single syndromes. So, it
    could be that these syndromes are all part of one big process/illness, are
    discrete in their own right, or that they are heterogeneous collections of
    different illnesses lumped together by common symptoms but separated by
    uncommon pathophysiologies. The example of chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)
    is instructive. There is evidence to support all three models of
    understanding. Three recent large studies have suggested that FSSs are both
    similar and dissimilar at the same time. The solution to the debate is that
    we need to both "lump" and "split." We need to study both the similarities
    between syndromes and their dissimilarities to better understand what we
    currently call the FSSs.

    Keywords: Functional somatic syndromes, Chronic fatigue syndrome,
    heterogeneity, homogeneity, risk markers

    Wolfson Institute of Preventive Health, Barts and The London School of
    Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK
    Department of Psychological Medicine, St Bartholomew's Hospital, London,
    EC1A 7BE, UK. Tel.: +44 207 601 8108; fax: +44 207 601 7097.
    PII: S0022-3999(10)00013-9
    doi:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2010.01.008
    2010 Published by Elsevier Inc.

    ----------------------

    Articles in Press
    http://www.jpsychores.com/inpress

    The central role of cognitive processes in the perpetuation of chronic
    fatigue syndrome
    In Press Corrected Proof , Available online 17 March 2010
    Hans Knoop, Judith B. Prins, Rona Moss-Morris, Gijs Bleijenberg
    Journal of Psychosomatic Research
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2010.01.022
    Abstract | Full Text | Full-Text PDF (122 KB)

    http://www.jpsychores.com/article/S0022-3999(10)00063-2/abstract

    The central role of cognitive processes in the perpetuation of chronic
    fatigue syndrome
    Hans Knoop a, Judith B. Prins b, Rona Moss-Morris c, Gijs Bleijenberg d

    Received 8 November 2009; received in revised form 26 January 2010;
    accepted 26 January 2010. published online 17 March 2010.
    Corrected Proof

    Abstract

    Objective
    Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is considered to be one of the functional
    somatic syndromes (FSS). Cognitions and behavior are thought to perpetuate
    the symptoms of CFS. Behavioral interventions based on the existing models
    of perpetuating factors are quite successful in reducing fatigue and
    disabilities. The evidence is reviewed that cognitive processes,
    particularly those that determine the perception of fatigue and its effect
    on behavior, play a central role in the maintenance of symptoms.

    Method
    Narrative review.

    Results
    Findings from treatment studies suggest that cognitive factors mediate the
    positive effect of behavioral interventions on fatigue. Increased fitness
    or increased physical activity does not seem to mediate the treatment
    response. Additional evidence for the role of cognitive processes is found
    in studies comparing the subjective beliefs patients have of their
    functioning with their actual performance and in neurobiological research.

    Conclusion
    Three different cognitive processes may play a role in the perpetuation of
    CFS symptoms. The first is a general cognitive representation in which
    fatigue is perceived as something negative and aversive and CFS is seen as
    an illness that is difficult to influence. The second process involved is
    the focusing on fatigue. The third element is formed by specific
    dysfunctional beliefs about activity and fatigue.

    Keywords: Chronic fatigue syndrome, Functional somatic syndromes,
    Perpetuating factors, Treatment studies, Cognitive processes, Perception

    a Expert Centre Chronic Fatigue, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical
    Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    b Department of Medical Psychology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical
    Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    c School of Psychology, University of Southampton, Southampton, United
    Kingdom
    d Expert Centre Chronic Fatigue, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical
    Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands

    Corresponding author. Expert Centre Chronic Fatigue, Radboud University
    Nijmegen Medical Centre, Postbox 9011 , 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
    Tel.: +31 24 3610042; fax: +31 24 3610041.

    This article was written while the first author was a visiting staff member
    of the School of Psychology at the University of Southampton. The working
    visit was made possible by a grant of the Dutch MSresearch fund (Stichting
    MSresearch).

    PII: S0022-3999(10)00063-2
    doi:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2010.01.022
    2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    ----------------------

    Articles in Press
    http://www.jpsychores.com/inpress

    Towards positive diagnostic criteria: A systematic review of somatoform
    disorder diagnoses and suggestions for future classification
    In Press Corrected Proof , Available online 15 March 2010
    Katharina Voigt, Annabel Nagel, Bjrn Meyer, Gernot Langs, Christoph
    Braukhaus, Bernd Lwe
    Journal of Psychosomatic Research
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2010.01.015
    Abstract | Full Text | Full-Text PDF (183 KB)

    Abstract
    http://www.jpsychores.com/article/S0022-3999(10)00020-6/abstract

    Towards positive diagnostic criteria: A systematic review of somatoform
    disorder diagnoses and suggestions for future classification
    Katharina Voigta 1, Annabel Nagel a1, Bjrn Meyer a, Gernot Langs b,
    Christoph
    Braukhaus b, Bernd Lwe a
    Received 1 November 2009; received in revised form 12 January 2010;
    accepted 14 January 2010. published online 15 March 2010.

    Corrected Proof

    Abstract

    Objectives
    The classification of somatoform disorders is currently being revised in
    order to improve its validity for the DSM-V and ICD-11. In this article, we
    compare the validity and clinical utility of current and several new
    diagnostic proposals of those somatoform disorders that focus on medically
    unexplained somatic symptoms.

    Methods
    We searched the Medline, PsycInfo, and Cochrane databases, as well as
    relevant reference lists. We included review papers and original articles
    on the subject of somatoform classification in general, subtypes of
    validity of the diagnoses, or single diagnostic criteria.

    Results
    Of all diagnostic proposals, only complex somatic symptom disorder* and the
    Conceptual Issues in Somatoform and Similar Disorders (CISSD)**
    example criteria reflect all dimensions of current biopsychosocial models
    of somatization (construct validity) and go beyond somatic symptom counts
    by including psychological and behavioral symptoms that are specific to
    somatization (descriptive validity). Predictive validity of most of the
    diagnostic proposals has not yet been investigated. However, the number of
    somatic symptoms has been found to be a strong predictor of disability.
    Some evidence indicates that psychological symptoms can predict disease
    course and treatment outcome (e.g., therapeutic modification of
    catastrophizing is associated with positive outcome). Lengthy symptom
    lists, the requirement of lifetime symptom report (as in abridged
    somatization), complicated symptom patterns (as in current somatization
    disorder), and imprecise definitions of diagnostic procedures (e.g.,
    missing symptom threshold in complex somatic symptom disorder) reduce
    clinical utility.

    Conclusion
    Results from the reviewed studies suggest that, of all current and new
    diagnostic suggestions, complex somatic symptom disorder and the CISSD
    definition appear to have advantages regarding validity and clinical
    utility. The integration of psychological and behavioral criteria could
    enhance construct and descriptive validity, and confers prospectively
    relevant treatment implications. The incorporation of a dimensional
    approach that reflects both somatic and psychological symptom severity also
    has the potential to improve predictive validity and clinical utility.

    Keywords: Classification, Diagnosis, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of
    Mental Disorders, International Classification of Diseases, Somatoform
    disorders, Validation studies as topic

    a Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University
    Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf and Schn Klinik Hamburg-Eilbek, Hamburg,
    Germany
    b Medical and Psychosomatic Hospital Bad Bramstedt, Bad Bramstedt, Germany
    Corresponding author. Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and
    Psychotherapy, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistr. 52,
    20246 Hamburg, Germany. Tel.: +49 40 7410 59733; fax: +49 40 7410 54975.
    1 Both authors contributed equally to this paper.
    PII: S0022-3999(10)00020-6
    doi:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2010.01.015
    2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    ----------------------

    Articles in Press
    http://www.jpsychores.com/inpress

    Whether medically unexplained or not, three or more concurrent somatic
    symptoms predict psychopathology and service use in community populations
    In Press Corrected Proof , Available online 17 February 2010
    Javier I. Escobar, Benjamin Cook, Chi-Nan Chen, Michael A. Gara, Margarita
    Alegra, Alejandro Interian, Esperanza Diaz
    Journal of Psychosomatic Research
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2010.01.001

    http://www.jpsychores.com/article/S0022-3999(10)00006-1/abstract

    Whether medically unexplained or not, three or more concurrent somatic
    symptoms predict psychopathology and service use in community populations

    Javier I. Escobar, MD ab, Benjamin Cook, PhD c, Chi-Nan Chen, PhD c,
    Michael A. Gara, PhD abd, Margarita Alegra, PhD c, Alejandro Interian, PhD
    ab, Esperanza Diaz, MD e

    Received 6 May 2009; received in revised form 20 December 2009; accepted 5
    January 2010. published online 17 February 2010.

    Corrected Proof

    Abstract

    Objectives
    To examine the frequency of somatic symptoms in a community population of
    various ethnic backgrounds and to identify correlates of these symptoms
    such as psychopathology, use of services, and personal distress.

    Methods
    Using a 14-symptom inventory with interviewer probes for somatic symptoms,
    we determined the presence of general physical symptoms (GPS) in a sample
    of 4864 white, Latino, and Asian US community respondents. Medically
    "edited" verbatim interview responses were used to decide whether or not
    physical symptoms would qualify as medically unexplained physical symptoms
    (MUPS). We then assessed the association between GPS and MUPS and
    psychiatric disorders, psychological distress, and use of services, in both
    unadjusted and multivariate regression analyses.

    Results
    One-third (33.6%) of the respondents reported at least one GPS and 11.1%
    reported at least one MUPS within the last year. 10.7% of respondents had
    three or more GPS and 1.5% had three or more MUPS. Three or more GPS and
    MUPS were positively associated with depressive, anxiety, and substance use
    disorders; service use; and psychological distress in unadjusted
    comparisons. In multivariate regressions, GPS persisted as a significant
    predictor, but there was no significant independent effect of MUPS, after
    controlling for GPS and other covariates.

    Conclusions
    Regardless of the presence or absence of medical explanations, physical
    symptoms are an important component of common mental disorders such as
    depression and anxiety and predict service use in community populations.
    These results suggest that three or more current GPS can be used to
    designate a "case" and that detailed probes and procedures aimed at
    determining whether or not physical symptoms are medically unexplained may
    not be necessary for classification purposes.

    Keywords: Somatoform disorders, Epidemiology

    a Department of Psychiatry, UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New
    Brunswick, NJ, USA

    b Department of Family Medicine, UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School,
    New Brunswick, NJ, USA

    c Center for Multicultural Health Research, Cambridge Health
    Alliance-Harvard Medical School, Somerville, MA, USA

    d UMDNJ-University Behavioral Health Care (UBHC) Piscataway, NJ, USA

    e Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven
    CT, USA

    Corresponding author.
    PII: S0022-3999(10)00006-1
    doi:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2010.01.001
    2010 Published by Elsevier Inc.

    ----------------------

    Articles in Press
    http://www.jpsychores.com/inpress

    Screening for multiple somatic complaints in a population-based survey:
    Does excessive symptom reporting capture the concept of somatic symptom
    disorders? Findings from the MONICA-KORA Cohort Study
    In Press Corrected Proof , Available online 02 March 2010
    Karl Heinz Ladwig, Birgitt Marten-Mittag, Maria Elena Lacruz, Peter
    Henningsen, Francis Creed, for the MONICA KORA Investigators
    Journal of Psychosomatic Research
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2010.01.009
    Abstract | Full Text | Full-Text PDF (544 KB)

    http://www.jpsychores.com/article/S0022-3999(10)00014-0/abstract

    ----------------------

    Articles in Press
    http://www.jpsychores.com/inpress

    Measuring fatigue in clinical and community settings
    In Press Corrected Proof , Available online 11 December 2009
    Matteo Cella, Trudie Chalder
    Journal of Psychosomatic Research
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2009.10.007
    Abstract | Full Text | Full-Text PDF (135 KB)

    http://www.jpsychores.com/article/S0022-3999(09)00417-6/abstract
    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------


    Related material:

    *The DSM-5 proposal is that Somatoform Disorders, Psychological Factors
    Affecting Medical Condition (PFAMC), and Factitious Disorders should be
    combined under a common rubric entitled "Somatic Symptom Disorders" and for
    a new classification "Complex Somatic Symptom Disorder (CSSD)."

    The DSM-5 public review period runs from 10 February to 20 April.
    Members of the public, patient representation organisations, professionals
    and other end users can submit responses, online.

    Please take this opportunity to comment and to alert and encourage
    professionals and international patient organisations to participate.

    Proposed Draft Revisions to DSM Disorders and Criteria are published here
    on the APA's relaunched DSM5.org website:
    http://www.dsm5.org/Pages/Default.aspx

    Somatoform Disorders:
    http://www.dsm5.org/ProposedRevisions/Pages/SomatoformDisorders.aspx

    Proposed new DSM-5 category: Complex Somatic Symptom Disorder
    http://www.dsm5.org/ProposedRevisions/Pages/proposedrevision.aspx?rid=368

    Two Key PDF documents are associated with proposals:

    PDF A] Somatic Symptom Disorders Introduction DRAFT 1/29/10
    http://www.dsm5.org/Documents/Somatic/APA Somatic Symptom Disorders description January29 2010.pdf

    PDF B] Justification of Criteria - Somatic Symptoms DRAFT 1/29/10
    http://www.dsm5.org/Documents/Somatic/APA DSM Validity Propositions 1-29-2010.pdf


    **Review paper: CISSD Project leads Kroenke K, Sharpe M, Sykes R: Revising
    the Classification of Somatoform Disorders: Key Questions and Preliminary
    Recommendations. Psychosomatics 2007 Jul-Aug;48(4):277-85.
    FREE Full Text: http://psy.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/content/full/48/4/277

    18 Proposals submitted by Dr Richard Sykes to WHO ICD Update and Revision
    Platform, Topical Advisory Group - Mental Health (TAGMH)
    https://extranet.who.int/icdrevision/GroupPage.aspx?gcode=104

    The paper: Kroenke K: Somatoform disorders and recent diagnostic
    controversies. Psychiatr Clin North Am 2007 Dec;30(4):593-619.
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17938036 contains the caveat:

    "Although the CISSD is an ad hoc group that includes many international
    experts on somatoform disorders, it was neither appointed nor sanctioned by
    the APA or WHO, the organizations authorized to approve revisions of DSM
    and ICD, respectively. As such, the CISSD recommendations should be
    considered advisory rather than official. Also, there were some suggestions
    for which the CISSD achieved near consensus but other issues where opinions
    diverged considerably."



    Suzy Chapman
    _____________________

    me.agenda@virgin.net
    http://dxrevisionwatch.wordpress.com/

    http://meagenda.wordpress.com

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